Question: Is Craniosynostosis A Birth Defect?

Is craniosynostosis a genetic disorder?

Craniosynostosis occurs in one in about 2500 live births and affects males twice as often as females.

It is most often sporadic (occurs by chance with no known genetic cause), but in some families, craniosynostosis is inherited by passing on specific genes that are known to cause this condition..

What causes craniosynostosis during pregnancy?

Its causes are generally believed to be a combination of environmental factors during pregnancy and genetics. Syndromic craniosynostosis refers to cases where a specific genetic syndrome has been linked. Disorders such as Crouzon syndrome, Pfeiffer syndrome and Apert syndrome all affect a baby’s skull development.

At what age is craniosynostosis diagnosed?

If craniosynostosis is mild, people may not notice it until a later stage. This can cause pressure to build up on the brain — known as increased intracranial pressure — as late as the age of 8 years.

Is Lambdoid craniosynostosis treatable?

How Is Lambdoid Synostosis Treated? If your child is diagnosed with lambdoid synostosis, he or she will need surgery. We offer two types of equally successful surgeries for lambdoid synostosis: Endoscopic craniosynostosis repair.

How do you fix craniosynostosis?

Your doctor may recommend a specially molded helmet to help reshape your baby’s head if the cranial sutures are open and the head shape is abnormal. In this situation, the molded helmet can assist your baby’s brain growth and correct the shape of the skull. However, for most babies, surgery is the primary treatment.

What are the signs of craniosynostosis?

What are the symptoms of craniosynostosis?Full or bulging fontanelle (soft spot located on the top of the head)Sleepiness (or less alert than usual)Scalp veins may be very noticeable.Increased irritability.High-pitched cry.Poor feeding.Projectile vomiting.Increasing head circumference.More items…

How is craniosynostosis treated?

The main treatment for craniosynostosis is surgery to make sure your child’s brain has enough room to grow. Surgeons open the fused fibrous seams (sutures) in your child’s skull. Surgery helps the skull grow into a more typical shape and prevents a buildup of pressure on the brain.

How common is craniosynostosis?

Craniosynostosis is common and occurs in one out of 2,200 live births. The condition affects males slightly more often than females. Craniosynostosis is most often sporadic (occurs by chance) but can be inherited in some families.

Is craniosynostosis serious?

Craniosynostosis can occur by itself or as a part of certain craniofacial (head and facial) syndromes. If left untreated, craniosynostosis can lead to serious complications, including: Head deformity, possibly severe and permanent. Increased pressure on the brain.

What happens if craniosynostosis is not corrected?

If not corrected, craniosynostosis can create pressure inside the skull (intracranial pressure). That pressure can lead to development problems, or to permanent brain damage. If not treated, most forms of craniosynostosis can have very serious results, including death.

Can craniosynostosis cause speech delay?

The two problems that can be associated with sagittal craniosynostosis are speech and language delay and raised intracranial pressure. Some children with sagittal craniosynostosis tend to start to speak later than other children but with help from a speech and language therapist they usually catch up.

How long is recovery after craniosynostosis surgery?

It takes approximately 12 weeks for the bones in your child’s head to heal and regain full strength. How will I manage my child’s pain at home? Your child’s pain will be well controlled by the time they are discharged from the hospital. Often, Tylenol is adequate for managing pain relief a few days after surgery.